Fallopian tube may be infected by several ways. Also known as salpingitis, this health condition is characterized by infection of the reproductive organs and the fallopian tube. Different organisms can provoke this infection and the results will vary accordingly. These harmful bacteria could be mycoplasma, chlamydia, straphylococcus, gonococcus and streptococcus. It can also be a part of a larger inflammatory disease of pelvic or an isolated case.
There are two forms of this disease: chronic and acute. The acute type of this condition is characterized by such unpleasant symptoms as secretion of extra fluid from the fallopian tubes that may swollen and become red. In result, the inner walls of the tubes may stick together or stick to the nearby organs like intestines, etc. There are cases when the fallopian tube may fill with pus after bloating. In case the tube ruptures, which happens very rarely, the so-called peritonitis might affect the abdominal cavity, which is a life-threatening condition. Usually after the acute attack, the chronic type of fallopian tube infection occurs. It lasts longer than acute type and is more mild, without causing noticeable symptoms.
The fallopian tube is located on each side of the uterus in the reproductive system of women. People also call it uterine tube or oviduct. Their role is to connect the uterus and ovary. The egg cell fertilization partially occurs in the fallopian tube in the process of traveling toward the uterus, before it is completely embedded there. The size of fallopian tube varies between 10 to 13 cm in length and its diameter is from 0.5 to 1.2 cm. Given that the lumens are very narrow, the fallopian tube infection can greatly hamper the passage of egg cell towards the uterus, which might even cause the so-called ectopic pregnancy. In that case, the fertilized egg cell grows in the fallopian tube, as it is trapped there.
Among the causes that can bring about fallopian tube infection is abortion. Fortunately, when the procedure is done in aseptic environment, this condition is very rare. However, if illegally done, there is a high risk of it. Ruptured appendicitis also might cause this kind of infection. The fallopian tube along with other internal organs is infected by the pus spread in the abdominal cavity as a result of this condition. In that case, all organs should be thoroughly cleaned to prevent the lethal end. Another cause of fallopian tube infection might be sexual intercourse with someone who has STDs. Miscarriage may also cause this condition.
Fallopian tube infection in mild form may not show clear symptoms and signs. This may additionally damage your fallopian tube without even you knowing it. If not proper measures are taken in time, this damage could be irreversible. For this reason, it is very important to know more about the common symptoms and signs linked to this infection. These are:
- Extremely painful sexual intercourse
- Abundant vaginal secretions with foul smell
- The ovulation period is rather painful
- Pain is felt in both sides of the abdomen during the menstrual period
- Fever and frequent urination
- Pain in lower back
The fallopian tube infection treatment includes taking antibiotics. To flush out all the pathogens from the body and to cool it, drink more water and not too sweet juice. To recover quickly, complete rest is required. If the doctors find out that several types of organisms cause the fallopian tube infection, you might be required to take several different antibiotics at the same time to deal with the infection. However, you need to strictly follow the schedule and finish the the entire course.
The doctor may propose a surgery in case the situation is bad and there is a risk for the patient’s health. This is usually the last treatment option, in case all others have failed. The doctor will do everything to save the fallopian tube. However, if his prognosis is bad, he might also remove the ovaries as well. For this reason, it is very important to detect this condition as early as possible, especially for women who plan to have children.
In order to prevent this disease, you need to use a condom during the sexual intercourses. Be aware that if you had any sexually transmitted diseases previously, you might be predisposed to develop this infection. The chosen lifestyle may greatly increase or decrease the risk of fallopian tube infection.
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