The appendix is a narrow pouch which is shaped like a finger and is attached to the colon, on the right side of the abdomen. The appendix does not seem to serve any purpose in the human body, but it can sometimes cause problems. When there creates a blockage in the appendix, it becomes pus filled and inflamed and it leads to a condition which is called appendicitis. If the blockage continues for some time, bacteria infect the affected tissue and it starts dying because of a deficiency of blood supply, finally resulting in appendix rupturing.So How to know if you have appendicitis?
appendicitis symptoms and signs
Appendicitis signs and symptoms are easy to spot and can be treated easily if spotted earlier. Appendicitis in children is a common matter, infants can also get it, but it is known to be a rare probability. Generally the males have the highest chance of getting affected by appendicitis than the females.
Reasons for the appendicitis taking place could be due to a blockage in the appendix, which in turn causes the appendix to swell up infecting with bacteria. Another cause is being an enlarged lymph tissue of appendix wall that is the result of a gastrointestinal tract infection.
Other main causes of appendicitis can be inflammatory bowel disease, trauma to the abdominal area, ulcerative colitis and so on. If this problem is not treated in time, it can lead to peritonitis and it is a dangerous condition of the abdomen when the appendix inflammation erupts.
Signs of Appendicitis
The Appendicitis symptoms are so important to take notice of during the early, persistent stages when the patient experiences pain where this organ is situated. The main and most common symptoms can comprise the following.
- Appendicitis pain starts on the button of belly, moving to the lower right of the abdomen. It is an unusual feeling and unlike any other ordinary kind of pain, the pain tends to occur on the night.
- The pain escalates with a span of a couple of hours.
- When taking deep breaths or coughing, the pain tends to get worse.
- Later symptoms include constipation, vomiting and even diarrhea in some cases.
- Loss of appetite.
- The stomach starts to swell up.
- Nausea is common with a mild fever.
- The inflamed appendix causes the patient to feel like urinating often, as the inflammation irritates the bladder.
- Difficulty passing gas.
- When a doctor tries to move around the hip of the patient, there is a sharp pain from where the appendix lies.
- When there is pain around the belly button area leading to the tip of the waist bone, this is because of the inflamed appendix.
- When the doctor examines the patient, by placing his hand and applying pressure to the left side of the abdomen, but the right side starts to hurt, this is known as the Rovsign sign.
Any person who is experiencing a progressively worsening pain in his or her abdomen should seek the medical attention. There are some other conditions or symptoms that are similar like the symptoms of appendicitis. Without the perfect diagnosis, it may not be possible to find out whether you have appendicitis or not. However; if any of the above symptoms is experienced by the patient, then he or she requires urgent medical attention.
How to Know if You Have Appendicitis
It is really challenging to diagnosis appendicitis. Most of the patients who have appendicitis, most of the time they do not have any typical symptoms. Some symptoms of appendicitis are similar to other health conditions like gastroenteritis, ectopic pregnancy, or a kidney stone, urinary tract infection and Crohn’s diseases. The pain of appendicitis is located in different parts of the patient’s body.
Many people think that appendix pain always occurs in the same place all time. This is absolutely a wrong concept. The place of appendix pain can vary person to person. Sometime this pain is located behind the liver or even behind the color or in the pelvis. The primary care physician will test the patient as well as also ask some general questions related to their symptoms. They may also apply pressure to the affected area to examine whether the pain worsen or not! After the normal or the primary test if the appendicitis signs as well as symptoms are detected, then the general practitioner will diagnose appendicitis. If they fail to diagnose appendix at the first time, then they will recommend doing the following tests.
- Urine Test: This is a common test and it will identify bladder infection or kidney infection. A protein detectable in the urine could serve as the biomarker of this appendicitis.
- Blood test: It will determine whether you have any infection in your blood cell or not.
- Ultrasound Scan, MRI or CT: It is a test to view the 3 D image and see whether it is swollen or not. Color dropper ultrasound is the 1st examination to view the appendix.
If the patient is on the primary level of appendicitis, then it is possible to treat it thorough medically. But sometime the decision of surgery is also made to remove the appendix. It is really risky to wait if the patient is in a serious condition. Sometimes doctors also decide to treat their patients with the antibiotics. If the infection of appendicitis is mild, then it will work great.
Complications of Appendicitis
There are some common complications of appendicitis.
- Abscess: If the infection in the area of appendicitis seeps out the appendix as well as mixes with the intestinal contents then it may form an abscess.
- Peritonitis: Sometimes the appendix releases the infection into the patient’s abdomen and the patient develops peritonitis.
It is possible to prevent appendix. The normally high fiber diet helps people a lot to reduce the chance of developing appendicitis. The people who eat more fibers experience less problems of the appendix. Fibers basically make the stool soften, so appendix does not get the chance to be blocked by stool! However; if you experience any symptoms of appendicitis, then do not hesitate to seek medical attention. Never eat, drink or even use any pain killers or antacids without the advice of the your doctor.